The Evolution Of Office Design
The office has been around for centuries, a period within which it has evolved to be what we know it today. It can exist as a room, a number of rooms, or building where work takes place. So how has the office evolved over the centuries it has been in existence?
The Taylorist Office – the 1900s
Fredrick Taylor was an American Engineer. He was a stickler for efficiency and order a trait that drove him to come up with the first office interior design. His office design was the same as that of a factory floor. The workers used a single room in which a desks were arranged in the form of rows. The business owners and managers were, however, provided with separate offices for privacy and authority.
The Streamlined Office – the 1930s
This type of interior office design was not very different from the Taylorist model. New buildings were constructed to create offices where the employees could interact more with one another. The owners and managers, however, retained their private offices.
The Open Plan Office – the 1950s
This was created by the German Schnelle brothers with the intention of banishing hierarchies and improving communication. The interior office design involved the grouping together of desks, large ferns, and screens to give privacy to the directors.
It was hard for women to work in open plan offices due to the fact that they risked exposure for not being able to wear trousers. A modesty board had to be added to the desks.
The Action Office – the 1960s
With used office furniture for sale, pop culture was brought to the office. Although it sought to provide every employee with their own private space, this idea didn’t catch on because of the high cost involved. It was, however, the beginning of the cubicle office.
The Cubicle Farm Office – the 1980s
The office transformed into a series of tiny cubicles that offered more privacy to the employees. It didn’t matter how the employees felt. How profitable they were is all the directors cared about.
The Virtual Office – the 1990s
The 1990s saw an increase in internet access which transformed interior office design as well as location. The growing office rents in big cities pushed companies to smaller towns. After all, they could use the internet and email to communicate.
Current and future trends – the 2010s
Modern is more open plan than anything else. Offices now feature exciting things such as sleeping pods, indoor picnic areas, slides, and table football. The internet has also given employees the freedom for work from virtually anywhere around the globe. As for the workers, they are happier today.
If you are into interior office design, now you know how far your chosen field of study has come.